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🔥+ Woodworking Plans 14 Jul 2020 Words like “direct box”, “balanced”, “low impedance”, “crossover”, etc. have become part of the sound team's vocabulary as they strive to provide today's expected ...

Woodworking Plans Two bedroom home plans may have the master suite on the main level, with the second bedroom upstairs or on a lower level with an auxiliary den and private bath. Alternatively, a one story home plan will have living space and bedrooms all on one level, providing a house that is accessible and convenient.

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Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for A few examples that illustrate the rather weak link between English spelling and pronunciation...


The Chaos

Charivarius (G. Nolst Trenité)

Dearest creature in creation, Study English pronunciation. I will teach you in my verse Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse. I will keep you, Suzy, busy, Make your head with heat grow dizzy. Tear in eye, your dress will tear. So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.  Just compare heart, beard, and heard, Dies and diet, lord and word, Sword and sward, retain and Britain. (Mind the latter, how it''s OK When you correctly say croquet, Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve, Friend and fiend, alive and live.  Ivy, privy, famous; clamour And enamour rhyme with hammer. River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb, Doll and roll and some and home. Stranger does not rhyme with anger, Neither does devour with clangour. Souls but foul, haunt but aunt, Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant, Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger, And then singer, ginger, linger, Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge, Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.  Query does not rhyme with very, Nor does fury sound like bury. Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth. Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath. Though the differences seem little, We say actual but victual. Refer does not rhyme with deafer. Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer. Mint, pint, senate and sedate; Dull, bull, and George ate late. Scenic, Arabic, Pacific, Science, conscience, scientific.  Liberty, library, heave and heaven, Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven. We say hallowed, but allowed, People, leopard, towed, but vowed. Mark the differences, moreover, Between mover, cover, clover; Leeches, breeches, wise, precise, Chalice, but police and lice; Camel, constable, unstable, Principle, disciple, label.  Petal, panel, and canal, Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal. Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair, Senator, spectator, mayor. Tour, but our and succour, four. Gas, alas, and Arkansas. Sea, idea, Korea, area, Psalm, Maria, but malaria. Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean. Doctrine, turpentine, marine.  Compare alien with Italian, Dandelion and battalion. Sally with ally, yea, ye, Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key. Say aver, but ever, fever, Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver. Heron, granary, canary. Crevice and device and aerie.  Face, but preface, not efface. Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass. Large, but target, gin, give, verging, Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging. Ear, but earn and wear and tear Do not rhyme with here but ere. Seven is right, but so is even, Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen, Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk, Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.  Pronunciation -- think of Psyche! Is a paling stout and spikey? Won''s a dark abyss or tunnel: Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale, Islington and Isle of Wight, Housewife, verdict and indict.  Finally, which rhymes with enough -- Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough? Hiccough has the sound of cup. My advice is to give up!!! 

This marvellous poem is currently circulating on the Web with mostly no attribution, but with (variants of) the following story:

English is tough stuff.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for While most of you non-native speakers of English speak English quite well, there is always room for improvement (of course, the same could be said for every person for any subject, but that is another matter). To that end, I''ve learned to correctly pronounce every word in this poem, you will be speaking English better than 90% of the native English speakers in the world.

If you find it tough going, do not despair, you are not alone: Multi-national personnel at North Atlantic Treaty Organization headquarters near Paris found English to be an easy language ... until they tried to pronounce it. To help them discard an array of accents, the verses below were devised. After trying them, a Frenchman said he''t end there: the site also has a little note from Charivarius, saying that the poem was written at the behest of the author of "", who supplied a "" as source material.

This version does indeed have the "" and "" that Andy predicted (good call!), but it is not as simple as those two changes. The version on the Charivarius website is considerably longer than the one appearing elsewhere on the web, and even where they overlap, there are quite a few difference.

Below I lay out the two versions side by side, with a few comments of my own impressions of the differences (caveat: I''s written.)

Just compare heart, hear and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain
(Mind the latter how it’s written).
Made has not the sound of bade,
Say—said, pay—paid, laid but plaid.
"" is the past tense of "", nowadays only heard in "". This is a tricky couplet, since neither "" nor "" have an obvious pronunciation -- they rhyme with ""
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as vague and ague,
changing to "" misses the point: "" rhymes with ""; "" rhymes with ""
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
But be careful how you speak,
Say: gush, bush, steak, streak, break, bleak,
the change here scans better
Previous, precious, fuchsia, via
Recipe, pipe, studding-sail, choir;
Cloven, oven, how and low, Woven, oven, how and low, ""cloven""shoe""oe""show""low""fraud""devoid""au""typhoid""branch""ranch""missiles""i""measles""aisles""Topsham"" ""link-ext""http://www.discoverexeter.net/local-towns"" (I had to look it up);
"" is a word now known only to readers of historical novels
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel.
Gertrude, German, wind and wind,
Beau, kind, kindred, queue, mankind,
"" using two different pronunciations is cleverer, if you use the long "" pronunciation for it in the usual version, you could miss the point
Tortoise, turquoise, chamois-leather,
Reading, Reading, heathen, heather.
"" is a place name, pronounced ""; the capitalisation implies the first occurrence is "", the second the placename; when I read it aloud, however, the opposite order seems to scan better (but then you wouldn''t rhyme with "" (it''s OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Ricocheted and crocheting, croquet?
Right! Your pronunciation’s OK.
OK, the usual version is easier to say; but that''s clear which is which
Say abscission with precision,
Now: position and transition;
Would it tally with my rhyme
If I mentioned paradigm?
Twopence, threepence, tease are easy,
But cease, crease, grease and greasy?
Since decimal coinage was introduced in 1971, the pronunciation of "" has changed from "" to "", and "" ("") is no longer used


Cornice, nice, valise, revise,
Rabies, but lullabies.
Of such puzzling words as nauseous,
Rhyming well with cautious, tortious,
You’ll envelop lists, I hope,
In a linen envelope.
Would you like some more? You’ll have it!
Affidavit, David, davit.
To abjure, to perjure. Sheik
Does not sound like Czech but ache.


Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, loch, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed but vowed.
Mark the difference, moreover,
Between mover, plover, Dover.
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice,
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
Petal, penal, and canal,
Wait, surmise, plait, promise, pal,
occurs later on in the usual version


Suit, suite, ruin. Circuit, conduit
Rhyme with “shirk it” and “beyond it”,
But it is not hard to tell
Why it’s pall, mall, but Pall Mall.
Muscle, muscular, gaol, iron,
Timber, climber, bullion, lion,


Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor,
occurs later on in the usual version
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
Has the A of drachm and hammer.
I''s Andy''s "", not ""
Arsenic, specific, scenic,
Relic, rhetoric, hygienic.
Gooseberry, goose, and close, but close,
Paradise, rise, rose, and dose.
another word with two pronunciations: here the rhyme clue is in the following line; however, there is also a clue in the "", the ""/"" is in the same order
Say inveigh, neigh, but inveigle,
Make the latter rhyme with eagle.
Mind! Meandering but mean,
Valentine and magazine.
And I bet you, dear, a penny,
You say mani-(fold) like many,
Which is wrong. Say rapier, pier,
Tier (one who ties), but tier.
the author loses the bet, so I had to read this a few times to work it out: it is wrong to say ""; it''s a Hindi word, pronounced with a sort of long "";
"" isn''s a transliteration of the sound of disbelief/impatience
Don’t be down, my own, but rough it,
And distinguish buffet, buffet;
Brood, stood, roof, rook, school, wool, boon,
Worcester, Boleyn, to impugn.
Say in sounds correct and sterling
Hearse, hear, hearken, year and yearling.
this implies that "" rhymes with "" (""?), but I''s names are no better than place names
But mind trivial and vial,
Tripod, menial, denial,
Troll and trolley, realm and ream,
Schedule, mischief, schism, and scheme.
Argil, gill, Argyll, gill. Surely
May be made to rhyme with Raleigh,
I had to look up ""link-ext""http://www.thefreedictionary.com/argil"": I guessed the vowels right, but got the "" wrong; given it is a soft "", I assume the first "" is soft, the second hard.
But you ’re not supposed to say
Piquet rhymes with sobriquet.
Had this invalid invalid
Worthless documents? How pallid,
Now that''t the schwa in Arabic and pacific, but it''t make sense, as it loses an "" pronunciation
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean,
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion with battalion,
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Rally with ally; yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, key, quay!
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, receiver.
Changing an ordinary word to a proper name does not improve things.


Never guess—it is not safe,
We say calves, valves, half, but Ralf.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.
Starry, granary, canary,
Crevice, but device, and eyrie,
"" is used earlier in the original version, paired with ""
Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Face, but preface, then grimace,
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Bass, large, target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, oust, joust, and scour, but scourging;
Ear, but earn; and ere and tear
Do not rhyme with here but heir.
changing "" to the identically pronounced "" loses the impact of the silent ""
Mind the O of off and often
Which may be pronounced as orphan,
if you do pronounce "" as "" you will sound as if you are trying to be posh; the main difference in pronunciation in the UK is whether the "" is silent or not


With the sound of saw and sauce;
Also soft, lost, cloth and cross.
Pudding, puddle, putting. Putting?
Yes: at golf it rhymes with shutting.
Respite, spite, consent, resent.
Liable, but Parliament.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew, Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, clerk and jerk,
Asp, grasp, wasp, demesne, cork, work.
changing "" to "" changes it from the same vowel pronounced differently, to different vowels pronounced the same


A of valour, vapid, vapour,
S of news (compare newspaper),
G of gibbet, gibbon, gist,
I of antichrist and grist,
Differ like diverse and divers,
Rivers, strivers, shivers, fivers.
Once, but nonce, toll, doll, but roll,
Polish, Polish, poll and poll.
Pronunciation -- think of Psyche!
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won''s pronounced "", not ""
It''s a dark abyss or tunnel
Strewn with stones like rowlock, gunwale,
Islington, and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.


Don’t you think so, reader, rather,
Saying lather, bather, father?
Finally, which rhymes with enough --
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give up!!!
Finally, which rhymes with enough,
Though, through, bough, cough, hough, sough, tough??
Hiccough has the sound of sup...
My advice is: GIVE IT UP!

In summary, I''s said like bed, not bead -- For goodness sake, don''s dose and rose and lose -- Just look them up -- and goose and choose. And cork and work and card and ward. And font and front and word and sword. And do and go and thwart and cart. Come, come, I''d mastered it when I was five!


* This has two different main attributions on the Web: the most common one is simply "", but George Bernard Shaw occurs in several places. I haven''s An Introduction to Foreign Langauge [sic] Learning and Teaching . It''s name is otherwise unknown) and is from a letter published in the London Sunday Times on January 3, 1965. As publishers usually try really hard to find the author''pithily summarize''t know what a lough was. But the real poem says "" which goes along with all the other "" words in the two lines.

And the tale continues...

In April 2010, Paul Valenzuela emailed me:

i noticed a poem entitled "" and realized i have seen this poem before:
http://www.cupola.com/html/wordplay/english1.htm
in which you see a longer version of the poem with a book and page reference.

The book/page reference for 1 last update 2020/07/14 given there is: ""Aspects of Language""../../books/pages/b/DwightBolinger.htm"" I have the 1968 first edition, where it doesn''t provide any bibliographic information to allow further tracing. The book/page reference given there is: ""Aspects of Language""../../books/pages/b/DwightBolinger.htm"" I have the 1968 first edition, where it doesn''t provide any bibliographic information to allow further tracing.


Word pairs

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for misc

At the Army base, a bass was painted on the head of a bass drum. They were too close to the door to close it.  It was difficult to coax the coax cable through the conduit. The soldier decided to desert his dessert in the desert.  The buck does funny things when the does are present.  The dove dove into the bushes.  The entrance to a mall fails to entrance me.  I spent last evening evening out a pile of dirt.  How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?  The insurance for the invalid was invalid.  He could lead if he would get the lead out. A cat with nine lives lives next door. She will mouth obscenities unless you stop her mouth.  After a number of injections, my jaw got number.  I did not object to the object.  We polish the Polish furniture.  There is no time like the present to present the present.  A farm can produce produce.  She was reading a book in Reading. The dump was so full it had to refuse more refuse.  On the road to the race, the oarsmen rowed about who rowed the best.  There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.  A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer line.  To help with planting, the farmer taught his sow to sow.  I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.  I shed a tear when I saw the tear in my clothes.  The unionised gas smothered the unionised workforce. The wind was too strong to wind the sail.  The bandage was wound around the wound.